When we fall sick, we visit a doctor. This can be a general practitioner, a Polyclinic or even the A&E department of a hospital. There are even specialised clinics like the STD clinic in Singapore. In these clinics, we tell the doctor of our symptoms – such as a fever, cough, runny nose, rashes, or bleeding – before they give us a diagnosis to tell us the condition that we have. There are many conditions that humans may end up having over the course of their lives, from physical wounds and injuries to illnesses that could prove chronic. Illnesses are generally caused by viruses or bacteria, and may not seem obvious to the naked eye. Here are a few common illnesses that you should know, and their possible symptoms.
Influenza, more commonly known as the flu, is a virus that attacks the body’s respiratory system, affecting the patient’s ability to breathe. The flu is extremely contagious, but can usually be cured within 2 weeks, with proper medication. A patient with the flu may first recognise it as a cold, as both show similar symptoms. However, patients with the flu are much more likely to be experiencing high fevers and overall body weakness, in addition to other symptoms such as a runny nose. When someone is down with the flu, they are likely to be stuck in bed and unable to go to work until they recover. The flu is usually caused when the weather is cold. If you suspect that you have the flu, you should visit a GP or Polyclinic to get the medicines necessary to be cured. Only visit the A&E if you think the fever is too high, and a big cause for concern.
You have probably heard of the dengue fever from the many campaigns launched by the National Environment Agency. This fever is transmitted by the infamous Aedes mosquito, and can cause very severe symptoms such as nausea, high fever, muscle aches and internal bleeding. The best way to prevent getting dengue fever is to ensure there are as little mosquitos in your house as possible, and preventing mosquitoes from finding spaces to breed. Patients with dengue fever would likely be hospitalised so as to prevent further spreading of the disease and administer treatment. If you have a high fever of over 38 degrees Celsius, you should get yourself checked at the A&E department of a hospital, in case you have dengue fever.
While STDs do not always spread the fastest, that doesn’t mean that they are not a cause for concern. Chlamydia is the most common STD in Singapore, and it can cause serious and searing pain in the nether regions. Some people may not notice at all that they have contracted chlamydia, and would require STD testing in Singapore to know. If you feel pain when urinating or having sex, consider visiting an STD clinic to ascertain your condition.
Being aware of the major illnesses in Singapore allows you to be ready in the event you or anyone else experiences symptoms, some of them potentially life-threatening. Knowing the basics will surely guide you a long way in life.